Horticulture Guruji

Lemon / Bara Nimbu

Fruit Science

B.N. – Citrus lemon

Family – Rutaceae

Ch.No. – 18

Origin – India

Fruit type- Hesperidium

Inflorescence type – Cymose (Solitary)

Edible part – Juicy Placental Hairs.

  • Galbal has its ancestral form
  • Lemon is divided into 4 groups – 1. Eureka 2. Lisbon 3. Anamalous 4. Sweet Lemon

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  • Fureka
  • Lisbon
  • Villafrance – (Eureka group)
  • Lucknow seedless
  • Kagzikalan
  • Nepali Oblong
  • Nepali Round

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  • Pant Lemon – 1 – self-incompatible
  • Baramasi
  • Hill Lemon (Galgal) ( pseudolemon)


  • The sub-tropical climate and semi-arid conditions.
  • Tolerant to frost,
  • It can grow up to 1200m elevation.


Well-drained, deep medium to light loam soil.


 Mainly propagated by seed.


  • Pits are dug size of 60-75 cm3 and at a distance of 6×6 m.
  • Planting is done at the onset of the monsoon.


  • First just after planting.
  • In summer 10 days interval and in winter 10-15 days interval.
  • Adequate soil moisture should be maintained during the flowering and fruiting stage.

Manure & Fertilizer

  • Generally, fertilizer is applied thrice in a year i.e in December – January, June – July, and September – October
  • F Y M is applied in June – July or September – October.
  • N.P.K. 600 : 400 : 600 gm/tree FYM

Training and pruning

  • The young plants are given support so that they can grow perfectly.
  • Water sprouts, week, criss-cross branches are cut from time to time.


  • Tree start fruiting after the fourth year of planting.
  • Harvesting is done in South India from May to September and in Eastern India (Assam) it is from June to September.
  • In North India – December to January.
  • Fully mature fruits are picked.


  • 600 – 800 fruits per year per tree.

References cited

  1. Commercial Fruits. By S. P. Singh
  2. A text book on Pomology, Vol,1. by T. K. Chattapadhya
  3. Tropical Horticulture, Vol.1, by T. K. Bose, S. K. Mitra, A. A. Farooqui and M. K. Sadhu

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