Lemon / Bara Nimbu
B.N. – Citrus lemon
Family – Rutaceae
Ch.No. – 18
Origin – India
Fruit type- Hesperidium
Inflorescence type – Cymose (Solitary)
Edible part – Juicy Placental Hairs.
- Galbal has its ancestral form
- Lemon is divided into 4 groups – 1. Eureka 2. Lisbon 3. Anamalous 4. Sweet Lemon
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- Villafrance – (Eureka group)
- Lucknow seedless
- Nepali Oblong
- Nepali Round
- Pant Lemon – 1 – self-incompatible
- Hill Lemon (Galgal) ( pseudolemon)
- The sub-tropical climate and semi-arid conditions.
- Tolerant to frost,
- It can grow up to 1200m elevation.
Well-drained, deep medium to light loam soil.
Mainly propagated by seed.
- Pits are dug size of 60-75 cm3 and at a distance of 6×6 m.
- Planting is done at the onset of the monsoon.
- First just after planting.
- In summer 10 days interval and in winter 10-15 days interval.
- Adequate soil moisture should be maintained during the flowering and fruiting stage.
Manure & Fertilizer
- Generally, fertilizer is applied thrice in a year i.e in December – January, June – July, and September – October
- F Y M is applied in June – July or September – October.
- N.P.K. 600 : 400 : 600 gm/tree FYM
Training and pruning
- The young plants are given support so that they can grow perfectly.
- Water sprouts, week, criss-cross branches are cut from time to time.
- Tree start fruiting after the fourth year of planting.
- Harvesting is done in South India from May to September and in Eastern India (Assam) it is from June to September.
- In North India – December to January.
- Fully mature fruits are picked.
- 600 – 800 fruits per year per tree.
- Commercial Fruits. By S. P. Singh
- A text book on Pomology, Vol,1. by T. K. Chattapadhya
- Tropical Horticulture, Vol.1, by T. K. Bose, S. K. Mitra, A. A. Farooqui and M. K. Sadhu